1. THE AVRO ARROW
Built by Avro Canada, the CF-105 Arrow is arguably the most famous and controversial plane in Canadian history. Built in Malton for the Royal Canadian Airforce, the Arrow was a "delta-winged interceptor" jet fighter. Design work began in 1953, and the first flight was in March of 1958. Less than a year later, the project was cancelled by the Conservative government of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, sparking a debate that still continues. Arrows in production, and there were only six at the time, were destroyed. A full scale metal replica of the Arrow belongs to the Canadian Air and Space Museum, which was once at Downsview, but now is looking for a new home.
2. THE OTTER
The Otter is the classic Canadian bush plane. Built by De Havilland Aircraft Company in Downsview starting in the 1950s, it's a single-engine prop plane that's perfect for Canada's rough terrain, able to land and take off over short distances. It can also be equipped with floats for landing on water and skis for ice and snow. It's been called "the one-ton truck" of Canadian aviation.
3. THE TWIN OTTER
A twin-engined version of the Otter, it was also built by De Havilland at Downsview. Production first began in the middle of the 1960s. It's a bigger, more powerful version of the Otter - able to carry a relatively large number of passengers so it also has a number of commercial airline uses.
4. THE LANCASTER
A Second World War bomber first built in Britain by Avro, production was moved to Canada in 1942 due to concerns the British factories could be bombed by Germany. A Crown Corporation called Victory Aircraft was created and the plane was built in Malton. By the time the war ended, some 430 Lancasters had been built in Canada. A Lancaster was displayed on the CNE grounds for years, but was taken down due to poor condition and vandalism.
5. THE DASH 8
The Bombardier Dash 8, previously the De Havilland Dash 8, is a relatively large passenger plane (the Series 400 can carry 78 passengers) famous for its short take-off and landing capability helping it serve airports of all sizes around the world. Production began at De Havilland in Downsview in 1984. By the end of 2016, some 1,200 are projected to have been built by what is now Bombardier Aerospace.
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Five famous planes built in the Toronto area
1. THE AVRO ARROW